More is different.
God is in the details.
- Critical exponents in coupled phase-oscillator models on small-world networks
- Physical Review E 102, 062212 (2020)
- Ryosuke Yoneda, Kenji Harada, and Yoshiyuki Y. Yamaguchi
- A coupled phase-oscillator model consists of phase oscillators, each of which has the natural frequency obeying a probability distribution and couples with other oscillators through a given periodic coupling function. This type of model is widely studied since it describes the synchronization transition, which emerges between the nonsynchronized state and partially synchronized states. The synchronization transition is characterized by several critical exponents, and we focus on the critical exponent defined by coupling strength dependence of the order parameter for revealing universality classes. In a typical interaction represented by the perfect graph, an infinite number of universality classes is yielded by dependency on the natural frequency distribution and the coupling function. Since the synchronization transition is also observed in a model on a small-world network, whose number of links is proportional to the number of oscillators, a natural question is whether the infinite number of universality classes remains in small-world networks irrespective of the order of links. Our numerical results suggest that the number of universality classes is reduced to one and the critical exponent is shared in the considered models having coupling functions up to second harmonics with unimodal and symmetric natural frequency distributions.
- 8 pages, 8 figures
- Kenji Harada
- Using a tensor renormalization group method with oblique projectors for an anisotropic tensor network, we confirm that the rescaled spectrum of transfer matrices at nonequilibrium critical points in the (1+1)-dimensional directed percolation, a canonical model of nonequilibrium critical phenomena, is scale-invariant and its structure is universal.
- 6 pages, 7 figures
- Finite-m scaling analysis of Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless phase transitions and entanglement spectrum for the six-state clock model
- Physical Review E 101, 062111 (2020)
- Hiroshi Ueda, Kouichi Okunishi, Kenji Harada, Roman Krčmár, Andrej Gendiar, Seiji Yunoki, and Tomotoshi Nishino
- We investigate the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transitions for the square-lattice six-state clock model with the corner-transfer matrix renormalization group (CTMRG). Scaling analyzes for effective correlation length, magnetization, and entanglement entropy with respect to the cutoff dimension m at the fixed point of CTMRG provide transition temperatures consistent with a variety of recent numerical studies. We also reveal that the fixed point spectrum of the corner transfer matrix in the critical intermediate phase of the six-state clock model is characterized by the scaling dimension consistent with the c=1 boundary conformal field theory associated with the effective Z_6 dual sine-Gordon model.
- 7 pages, 7 figures
- Conference: Tensor Network States: Algorithms and Applications (TNSAA) 2019-2020
- Invited talk: "New numerical approaches for directed percolation"
- Date: Dec. 4, 2019
- Conference dates: Dec. 4-6, 2019
- Venue: NCCU, Taipei, TAIWAN
- Entropy Governed by the Absorbing State of Directed Percolation
- Physical Review Letters 123, 090601 (2019)
- Kenji Harada and Naoki Kawashima
- We investigate the informational aspect of (1+1)-dimensional directed percolation, a canonical model of a nonequilibrium continuous transition to a phase dominated by a single special state called the “absorbing” state. Using a tensor network scheme, we numerically calculate the time evolution of state probability distribution of directed percolation. We find a universal relaxation of Rényi entropy at the absorbing phase transition point as well as a new singularity in the active phase, slightly but distinctly away from the absorbing transition point. At the new singular point, the second-order Rényi entropy has a clear cusp. There we also detect a singular behavior of “entanglement entropy,” defined by regarding the probability distribution as a wave function. The entanglement entropy vanishes below the singular point and stays finite above. We confirm that the absorbing state, though its occurrence is exponentially rare in the active phase, is responsible for these phenomena. This interpretation provides us with a unified understanding of time evolution of the Rényi entropy at the critical point as well as in the active phase.
Monte Carlo simulations
This demonstration shows a Monte Carlo simulation of the two-dimensional Ising model by three algorithms: Metropolis, Swendsen-Wang, and Wolff algorithms.To demo
Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, Japan.
Room 203, Research Bldg. No.8, Yoshida Campus, Kyoto Univ., Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan. Map (No.59)